Information About India
The subcontinent of India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan,
China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's
highest mountain chain, where foothill valleys cover the
northernmost of the country's 26 states. Further south,
plateaus, tropical rain forests and sandy deserts are bordered
by palm fringed beaches .
Side by side with the country's staggering topographical
variations is its cultural diversity, the result of the
coexistence of a number of religions as well as local tradition.
Thus, the towering temples of south India, easily identifiable
by their ornately sculptured surface, are associated with a
great many crafts and performing arts of the region.
In the desert of Kutch, Gujarat, on the other hand, a scattering
of villages pit themselves against the awesome forces of nature,
resulting in Spartan lifestyles made vibrant by a profusion of
jewelry and ornamental embroidery used to adorn apparel and
household linen. In the extreme north is the high altitude
desert of Ladakh. Local culture is visibly shaped by the faith -
Buddhism -as well as by the harsh terrain. Yet another facet of
Indian culture is observed in the colorful tribal lifestyles of
the north eastern states of Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura and
Manipur with their folk culture.
In the central Indian states of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh tribal
village life has resulted in a variety of artistically executed
India's mountains provide heli skiing, river running,
mountaineering and trekking. Its beaches provide lazy
sun-bathing as well as wind surfing and snorkeling, and its
jungles provide shooting wildlife -with a camera.
India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when Hinduism was first
founded. Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism,
Christianity and Islam all exist within the country today. As a
consequence of India's size, the history of the country has
seldom been the same for two adjoining territories, and its
great natural wealth has lured a succession of traders and
foreign influences to it, each having left their imprint in the
country, however faint or localized. Thus, Chinese fishing nets
in Kerala are a throwback to that country's ancient maritime
trade, while in the north, terra-cotta figurines of the
centuries BC bear distinctly Greek traces.
Modern India is home alike to the tribal with his anachronistic
lifestyle and to the sophisticated urban jetsetter. It is a land
where temple elephants exist amicably with the microchip. Its
ancient monuments are the backdrop for the world's largest
democracy where atomic energy is generated and industrial
development has brought the country within the world's top ten
nations. Today, fishermen along the country's coastline fashion
simple fishing boats in a centuries old tradition while, a few
miles away. motor vehicles glide off conveyor belts in